Sigmar Polke
Sigmar Polke (1941 – 2010)
 
Sigmar Polke was an influential German artist known for his distinctive paintings and photographs. He often worked with non-traditional artistic materials and experimented with a wide variety of styles and subjects. He was born in Poland during World War II. After the war, his family was expelled to East Germany where the artist spent his early years until his move to West Germany in 1953.
 
Polke studied at the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf where he co-founded the movement now known as Capitalist Realism with fellow artists Gerhard Richter and Konrad Lueg. The artists depicted and critiqued the growing consumerism of West Germany, drawing on Pop Art and media influences. The group organised the notable 1963 art exhibition Demonstration for Capitalist Realism.
 
By the end of the 1960s, Polke had solo exhibitions at numerous galleries including Galerie René Block, Berlin; Galerie Schmela, Düsseldorf; Galerie Heiner Friedrich, Munich; and Galerie Rudolf Zwirner, Cologne.
He participated in numerous international biennales and exhibitions including Documenta, the Bienal de São Paulo, and the Venice Biennale, and received a number of awards, including the Golden Lion for his solo presentation at the West German Pavilion in 1986 at the Venice Biennale.
 
Polke worked predominantly with photography in the 1970s and returned to working with paint in the 1980s, making abstract works that drew on chance reactions between materials. In the last two decades of his life, he produced paintings focused on historical events. He died on June 10, 2010 in Cologne, Germany at the age of 69.
 
His works are held in the permanent collections of major international museums including the Art Institute of Chicago; The Broad, Los Angeles; Centre Georges Pompidou – Musée National d‘Art Moderne, Paris; Guggenheim Museum Bilbao; Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC; The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Museum für Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt; The Museum of Modern Art, New York; National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC; National Museum of Art, Osaka, Japan; Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam; and Tate Modern, London, among others.
 
 
Selected Exhibitions
 
2017
Sigmar Polke – Alchemie und Arabeske, Feb 11 – May 21, Museum Frieder Burda, Baden-Baden
 
2016
Sigmar Polke. Early Prints, Mar 20 – May 22, Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
 
2015
Alibis: Sigmar Polke, 1963–2010, Oct 09, 2014 – Feb 08, 2015, Tate Modern, London, UK
 
2014
Alibis: Sigmar Polke, 1963–2010, Apr 19 – Aug 03, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA
 
2014
Sigmar Polke. La démultiplication de l’humour. Les éditions dans la collection Axel Ciesielski, les Abattoirs, Jan 31–May 04, Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art – FRAC Midi Pyrénées, Toulouse, France
 
2008
Sigmar Polke. Photographische Arbeiten aus der Sammlung Garnatz, May 15 – Aug 31, Die Photographische Sammlung/SK Stiftung Kultur, Cologne, Germany
 
2007
Sigmar Polke. Eine Retrospektive 1963–2005. Die Sammlungen: Frieder Burda, Josef Froehlich, Reiner Speck, Jun 22 – Oct 07, Museum Moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig Wien, Vienna, Austria
 
2005
Sigmar Polke. Alice in Wonderland, Oct 1- Oct 30, Ueno Royal Museum, Tokio, Japan
 
2003
Sigmar Polke. Recent Paintings and Drawings, 1998–2002, Nov 15, 2002 – Apr 06, 2003,
Dallas Museum of Art, Dallas, USA
 
2001
Sigmar Polke et la Révolution Française, June 29 – Sept 24, Musée de la Révolution Française, Vizille, France
 

Edward Wallowitch
Edward Wallowitch (1932 – 1981)

 

Born in Philadelphia, both sides of his family descended from late nineteenth century Lithuanian immigrants. Edward Wallowitch pursued his talent for photography early and began taking photos when he was just eleven. At the age of eighteen, he was the youngest photographer to be included in “The Family of Man”, Edward Steichen’s legendary exhibition held in 1955 at The Museum of Modern Art, meaning he was the youngest photographer ever to have prints in the Museum of Modern Art in New York. Two of them were taken with a Brownie box reflex camera while he was still at high school.

 

Wallowitch was a close friend of Andy Warhol in the 1950s and 60s in New York. By then he had moved from Philadelphia to Manhattan and had become an integral part of the Greenwich Village bohemia, alongside his brother John, and sister Anna Mae. Wallowitch produced a kind of poetic street photography with strong sensibility, showing a tender eye for both composition and texture. He spent a lot of his time photographing children and teenagers.

 

Many of Wallowitch’s pictures served as source material for Andy Warhol’s drawings. He died at the age of 48, cause of death unknown.

Edward-Wallowitch

Margaret Bourke-White
Margaret Bourke-White (1904 – 1971)

 

Margaret Bourke-White was a pioneering figure in 20th century documentary photography and is famous for her scenes of modern industry, of the Great Depression, and of political and social movements in the 1920s through 1950s.
As a founding mother of LIFE (she shot the first cover), she became a world-famous symbol of swashbuckling photography. And that she did it in a male world made her success even more spectacular.

 

During her unique career, Bourke-White was torpedoed in the Mediterranean, strafed by the Luftwaffe, stranded on an Arctic island, bombarded in Moscow, and pulled out of the Chesapeake when her chopper crashed. She was the first Western photographer to document Soviet industry after the revolution, to create a travelog of Czechoslovakia and other Balkan states just before Hitler moved in to ignite World War II, and to be stationed in Moscow just before Germany bombed its former ally.

 

Aggressive and relentless in pursuit of pictures, Bourke-White had the knack of being at the right place at the right time. For example, she interviewed and photographed Mohandas K. Gandhi a few hours before his assassination in India. And she was the only American photographer in the Soviet Union in 1941 while the battle for Moscow raged. Alfred Eisenstaedt, her friend and colleague, said she was great because there was no assignment, no picture that was unimportant to her. She was also credited for starting the first photo lab at LIFE.

 

As an artist, Bourke-White continued to use photography as an instrument to examine social issues from a humanitarian perspective.
She witnessed and documented some of the 20th century’s most notable moments, including the liberation of German concentration camps by General Patton in 1945, the release of Mahatma Gandhi from prison in 1946, and the effects of South African labor exploitation in the 1950s. She was a great and tenacious photographer. Her work was her life, and her life was flamboyantly spectacular. Her career was cut short in 1966 due to Parkinson’s disease, she died in 1971.

Margareth-Bourke-White

Floris Neusüss
Floris Neusüss (*1937)

 

Floris Neusüss is a pioneer of photographic art, particularly known for cameraless techniques and photograms. Neusüss is drawn to this particular method of photography because, as he describes, “perspective and horizon are absent from photograms, so the space is theoretically unending.” He thinks of these more like paintings than photographs because he composes his works in a step-by-step process, and also modifies his prints with brushes or rags dipped in chemicals in painterly gestures. Neusüss is perhaps most famous for his full-body photograms, first shown in the 1960s, which resulted in monumentally sized prints. In the 1970s, he made his Nudograms, so named for their nude subjects. Neusüss draws inspiration from the work of Man Ray and László Moholy-Nagy.
Born in Lennep, Germany, in 1937, Neusüss has dedicated his whole career to extending the practice, study and teaching of the photogram. Alongside his work as an artist, he is known as an influential writer and teacher on camera-less photography. Neusüss brought renewed ambition to the photogram process, in both scale and visual treatment, with the Körperfotogramms (or whole-body photograms) that he first exhibited in the 1960s. Since that time, he has consistently explored the photogram‘s numerous technical, conceptual and visual possibilities.
His works often deal in opposites: black and white, shadow and light, movement and stillness, presence and absence, and in the translation of three dimensions into two. By removing objects from their physical context, Neusüss encourages the viewer to contemplate the essence of form. He creates a feeling of surreal detachment, a sense of disengagement from time and the physical world. Collectively, his images explore themes of mythology, history, nature and the subconscious.

 

Selected recent exhibitions

 

2017
Leibniz’ Lager. Sammlungswelten in Fotogrammen, ZKM Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany

 

2012
Traumbilder. Fotografien 1958 bis 1983, June 22 – Oct 14, Münchener Stadtmuseum, Germany

 

2011
A History of Camera-less Photography, Oct 13, 2010 – March 23, V&A Museum, London, UK

 

2008
Wunderkammer Museum, Deutsches Museum, Munich, Germany (solo)

Floris-Neusuess_Koerperbild

Weegee
Weegeee (1899 – 1968)

 

Rarely have photographers’ careers been as celebrated and honored as Weegee’s. Equally illustrious and renowned as his pictures was Weegee‘s persona, which heralded him as the world’s most famous photographer. For most of his early career Weegee was unrelenting in capturing New York’s seemingly endless affairs. From the grandiose halls of the Metropolitan Opera House to the unsophisticated sanctuary of Sammy’s Bar, the congregation of inquisitive spectators to the abrupt silence of a gangland murder, Weegee navigated the labyrinth of New York’s streets, documenting its untold life.

 

For an intense decade between 1935 and 1946, Weegee was one of the most relentlessly inventive figures in American photography. Renowned for his ability to be at the scene before anyone else, he dominated the New York landscape. In his own mind, he was the only individual, a cigar wielding visual narrator, who could tell the story of this restless city.

 

In late 2012, Ryan Adams, a photojournalist expert, discovered the archive in a Midwest storage facility where it had been housed since its purchase in 1994. The following collaboration with Daniel Blau has resulted not only in the current presentation of vintage Weegee prints but also in the 2015 exhibition of early works by Margaret Bourke-White and the recent museum exhibition: Robert Capa – Kriegsfotografien 1943-1945 at the Kupferstich-Kabinett Dresden. Many of the photographs were exhibited for the first time, or first recognized as works by these famous photographs.

 

Our researches even brought forward that Weegee was already working as a photographer in 1925. Finally Weegee’s photographs get the attention and fame they deserve in history of photography.

 

Selected recent exhibitions

 

2019
Weegee – The Famous, Oct 18, 2018 – Jan 20, 2019, Mai Manó House, Budapest, Hungary
 

2017
Extra!Weegee, Apr 07 – May 28, Fotografiska, Stockholm, Sweden

 

2015
Weegee by Weegee, Photographs from the Jean Pigozzi Collection, Sept 05 – Nov 08, The Baker Museum, Naples Florida, USA

 

2013
Weegee. Murder is My Business, May 02 – July 28, Fondazione Palazzo Magnani, Reggio Emilia, Italy

 

2012
Weegee. Murder is My Business, Jan 20 – Sept 02, International Center of Photography, New York, USA

 

2006
Scene of the Crime, Sept 20, 2005 – Jan 22, 2006, Getty Museum, Los Angeles, USA

 
 

Selected publications

 

2017
Extra! Weegee, Hirmer Verlag

 

2014
The Weegee Guide to New York, Philomena Mariani and Christopher George

 

2013
Weegee: Murder Is My Business, Brian Wallis and Philomena Mariani

 

1978
Weegee Täter und Opfer, John Coplan

 

1945
Naked City, Weegee (Arthur Fellig)

Weegeee: Garage Fire Destroys 200 Trucks

Sofia Valiente
Sofia Valiente (*1990)

 

Sofia Valiente received her BFA in Art from Florida International University in Miami in 2012. In 2014, she published her first photo book, Miracle Village, during a residency at Benetton’s Communication Center in Treviso, Italy. Sofia’s work has been published in Time, The Guardian, El Mundo, Vice, American Photo Magazine, and numerous other media outlets. She is represented by the Daniel Blau Gallery in Munich and has been exhibited in London, Paris, and New York City.
In 2015, Sofia received the World Press Photo award for Miracle Village (1st prize, portraits, stories) and she is also a recipient of the South Florida Cultural Consortium Artist Fellowship and Burn Magazine’s Young Talent Award.
In 2017, she won the Knight Arts Challenge and in 2018 Sofia received the State of Florida Individual Artist grant for Foreverglades. In 2019, Foreverglades the photo book and steamboat replica public art installation was debuted in West Palm Beach, FL.

 

Sofia Valiente Portrait

 

Christa Dichgans
Christa Dichgans (1940 – 2018)

 

Christa Dichgans was born 1940 in Berlin. She studied from 1960-65 at the Berlin Academy of Arts under Fred Thieler and worked as Georg Baselitz’s assistant from 1984 to 1988. She lived and worked in Berlin and La Haute Carpénée in Southern France.

 

Exhibitions and Distinctions (Selection)
 
2019
Galerie Daniel Blau, Munich

2014
Galerie Daniel Blau, Munich

2010
Galerie Daniel Blau, Munich

2006
Galerie Contemporary Fine Arts, Berlin

1997
Galerie Daniel Blau, Munich

1996
Artist group “Die Ecke”, Augsburg

1995-2000
Journeys through Russia and Asia

1995
Museé d’Art Moderne, Nice
Goethe Institut, Moscow

1985
Mannheim Art Association. Municipal Gallery Viesen

1981
Göttingen Art Association

1978-1979
82 etchings for the book “was – wenn/ was nicht/ wenn nicht”, published and commentated by “Y” (A.R. Penck), Galerie Springer, Berlin

1977
Galerie Springer, Berlin

1975
Lerner-Heller Gallery, New York

1974
Galerie Marzona, Bielefeld

1972
Galerie Springer, Berlin

1971
Residence at Villa Romana, Florence

1966-1967
DAAD scholarship in New York

1964-1967
German National Scholarship

 

 

Literature (Selection)

Christa Dichgans – Spielzeugbilder, Galerie Daniel Blau, Munich 2010

Christa Dichgans – King Kong Kisses, Contemporary Fine Arts, Berlin 2006

Christa Dichgans Werke 1969 – 1998, Bern Berlin 2000

Christa Dichgans Retrospektive, Städtische Galerie Viersen 1995

Christa Dichgans Werke 1964 – 1991, ed. by Haus am Waldsee, Berlin 1992

Christa Dichgans Bilder 1967-1972, Galerie Springer, Berlin 1972

 

Christa-Dichgans-Portrait

Eugène Leroy
Eugène Leroy (1910 – 2000)

 

Eugène Leroy was born 1910 in Tourcoing, northern France. From 1931 to 1932 he studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Lille and Paris. In 1971 he travelled to the USA, and in 1974 to Leningrad, Moscow. Since the 1960’s his work has been widely exhibited and attained worldwide recognition. Leroy died in Wasquehal, Northern France, in 2000.

 

 

Exhibitions and Distinctions (Selection)

 

2009

Donation of 600 works to the Musée des Beaux-Arts de Tourcoing

 

2004

Musée d’Art et d’Industrie, La Piscine, Roubaix

 

2001

Musée d’Art Moderne,  Villeneuve d’Ascq

 

2000

Art Association for Rhineland and Westphalia, Dusseldorf.

 

Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo (NY)

 

1997

Kunsthalle Basel

 

1996/97

Retrospective at Centre díArt Contemporain Bignan, Centre díArt Contemporain Rennes and Musée des Beaux-Arts de Rennes

 

1996

Grand Prix National de la Peinture

 

1995

45th Venice Biennale

 

1994

Galerie Daniel Blau, München

 

1993

Musée d’Art Moderne et d’Art Contemporain, Nice

 

1992

Documenta IX, Kassel

 

1991

Participation at 21st Sao Paolo Biennale

 

1987

Musée d’Art Moderne, Villeneuve d’Ascq

 

1988

Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven

 

Musée d’Art Moderne de La Ville de Paris

 

1982

Museum van Hedendaagse Kunst, Gent

 

1977

Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Lille

 

1970

Wiener Sezession, Wien

 

1960-65

Collaboration with Claude Bernard Gallery, Paris

 

1957

Prix Emile-Othon Friesz

 

1956

Musée des Beaux-Arts, Tourcoing

 

 

Literature (Selection)

 

Eugène Leroy – Alles ist Farbe, ed. by Kunstverein für die Rheinlande und Westfalen, Dusseldorf, 2000

 

Bernard Marcadé, Eugène Leroy, Paris, 1999

 

Eugène Leroy – Peintures, ed. by Kunsthalle Basel, 1997

 

Hector Obalk, Eugène Leroy – Oil Paintings, Tokyo 1991

 

Eugène Leroy – Bilder und Zeichnungen, ed. by Galerie Daniel Blau, Munich, 1994

Eugène Leroy

Chuck Close
Chuck Close (*1940)

 

Chuck Close was born 1940 in Monroe,Washington. In 1962 he received his B.A. from the University of Washington, Seattle, and in 1964 his M.F.A from Yale University, New Haven. After a Fulbright grant in Vienna he worked as an art teacher at the University of Massachusetts. A spinal artery collapse in 1988 left Close almost completely paralyzed. He lives and works in New York.

 

Solo Exhibitions (Selection)

 

2010
Chuck Close: Portraits,Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond,Virginia

 

Chuck Close: Prints: Process and Collaboration, Scottsdale Museum of Contemporary Art, Scottsdale

 

2009/10

Familiar faces: Chuck Close in Ohio Collections, Akron Art Museum, Ohio.

 

Faces, Chuck Close and Contemporary Portraiture, Nevada Museum of Art, Nevada

 

2008

Chuck Close: Seven Portraits, The State Hermitage Museum,Winter Palace, St. Petersburg

 

2007

Chuck Close: Portaits 1996-2006, Ludwig Forum für Internationale Kunst, Aachen

 

2003/10

Chuck Close Prints: Process and Collaboration: Bluffer Gallery, University of Houston; travelled to: Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Knoxville Museum of Art; Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth,Texas; Boise Art Museum, Idaho; Portland Art Museum,Oregon; Sungkok Museum of Art, Seoul; San Jose Museum of Art, California; Scottsdale Museum of Contemporary Art,Arihona; Corcoran Gallery of Art,Washington

 

1998/99

Travelling exhibition:The Museum of Modern Art, New York; Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago; Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington; Seattle Art Museum, Seattle; Hayward Gallery, London

 

1997

Chuck Close, Large Polaroids 1984-1995, Galerie Daniel Blau, Munich

 

1993

A Print Project by Chuck Close,The Museum of Modern Art, New York “6th Annual Infinity Award of Art”, International Centre of Photography Travelling exhibition:Art Institute of Chicago;The Friends of Photography, Ansel Adams Cent

 

1984/85

Chuck Close, Paper Works: Herbert Palmer Gallery, Los Angeles; Spokane Center of Art, Cheney,Washington; Milwaukee Art Museum; Columbia Museum, South Carolina

 

1980/81

Close Portraits, travelling exhibition:The Walker Art Center, Minneapolis; St. Louis Art Museum, Missouri; Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago;Whitney Museum of American Art, New York

 

1976

Baltimore Museum of Art, Maryland

 

1975

Chuck Close: Keith: travelled to Mint Museum of Art, Charlotte, North Carolina; Phoenix Art Museum,Arizona;The Minneapolis Institute of Art, Minnesota

 

1972

Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago

 

1970

Bykert Gallery,NewYork

 

 

Literature (Selection)

 

Christopher Finch, Chuck Close: Life, Munich, 2010

 

Christopher Finch, Chuck Close: Work, Munich, 2007

 

Chuck Close: Pinturas 1968/2006, ed. by. Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid 2007

 

Martin Friedman, Close Reading: Chuck Close and the Art of the Self-Portrait. New York,2005

 

Chuck-Close-Selfportrait

NASA photographers
 

NASA PHOTOGRAPHERS